Monday, April 27, 2015

Organizational Resources in the Service of School-Wide Ambitious Teaching Practice

Background/Context: “Ambitious teaching” is teaching that aims to teach all kinds of students to not only to know academic subjects, but also to be able to use what they know in working on authentic problems in academic domains. Studies of individual teachers have identified the challenges of this work. Resources are often provided at the school level with the purpose of making this kind of teaching more common. But as Cohen, Raudenbusch, and Ball (2003) point out, it is not making resources available to a school that matters in improving instruction, but getting those resources to be used in instructional interactions where teachers and students work together to get academic content learned.
Purpose/Objective: The purpose of the case study was to understand how the common use of resources across a school functions to enable those resources to make their way into the instructional stream1. First, the use of shared social, intellectual, and material resources was investigated in consistently ambitious teaching across diverse classes and teachers in the school. Using a conceptual frame from social practice theory, we then examined how resources in use shaped teachers’ common interpretations of teaching problems and common assumptions about appropriate solutions.
Research Design: Qualitative case study based on extensive observation and interviews.
Conclusions/Recommendations: As a field, we need to provide images and narratives for ambitious teaching that is scaffolded in such a way that one can be a mere mortal and yet capably meet its routine demands. In this paper we have tried to provide one such image. We can offer several strong hypotheses based on this casework; the first is that ambitious teaching is more manageable when it is undertaken collectively, when it is supported by common materials, and has an intellectual underpinning that is useful and routinely used. Ambitious teaching is made more sustainable when a multiplicity of resources are drawn upon in concert, not installed one at a time and delivered to individual practitioners. We have tried to illustrate the strong role that an organization can play in the development of widespread ambitious teaching. In this image the organization supports ambitious teaching in such a way that most teachers can see, enact, and routinely articulate, this approach.

10 Ways Teachers Can Make The Best of Twitter

Sunday, April 26, 2015

Community is essential to equity...

I'm encouraging all teachers to spend lots of time this summer thinking about your goals and strategies for creating a powerful sense of community in your classrooms for next academic year.  Start by building your own definition of community and then draw a direct line between your rituals and the instructional techniques you employ to further support that sense of community.  Community is a profoundly significant influence on engagement.  Be intentional and ambitious....

It's what the teachers are themselves...

My first graders used me as a reference for exploring adjectives...

Would You Know Deeper Learning If You Saw It? - Learning Deeply - Education Week

Would You Know Deeper Learning If You Saw It? - Learning Deeply - Education Week

Rigor isn't about the content as much as it's about the ways in which students are led to engage with the content. Authentic rigor is evident when students are referring to the content to support their own observations and emerging understandings and making meaningful connections between the content with other content.  Good teaching is the process of facilitating these kinds of connections.

Saturday, April 25, 2015

Student Questions, Shifting Classrooms- RQI

Student Questions, Shifting Classrooms- RQI

A Rhode Island teacher's thoughtful reflection on how she handed over the responsibility of questioning to her students and saw them engage more deeply as a result.

TEDxSaltLakeCity - Rachael Herrscher - What?: Asking the Right Questions - YouTube

TEDxSaltLakeCity - Rachael Herrscher - What?: Asking the Right Questions - YouTube

Questioning is an essential skill of great teachers.  It's interesting to know how other professions think of the purpose for questions....

Tools for using DOK to plan for rigorous learning...

This Edutopia blog posting is a good start for thinking about what rigor looks like in action.

There are two types of challenge when it comes to desgigning rigorous instruction. The first type involves understanding exactly what it is we mean by rigor. It's worth the time and effort to clarify and level-set the school-wide definition for rigor. The second type of challenge is a function of being able to marry one's conceptual understanding of what rigor means with the kinds of instructional tools and practices that are most likely to engage students in rigorous thinking.  At the elementary level, these conversations become most specific and meaningful in grade-level planning spaces,while at the secondary level, they often work best in content area teams.

The essential skill in developing rigorous instruction is the skill of questioning.  Highly effective teachers plan around great questions, and they ask the right questions at the right time (with the right support) to leverage their students' engagement to increasingly higher rigor.

And the important thing to remember is that rigor is not about students' work as much as it's about students' thinking.  When planning for high rigor, teachers should consider first what they want their students to think about and then what they want their students to be able to do. The work is the evidence of rigor and not the rigor itself. That way of thinking will more likely yield the richest and most engaging, rigorous learning experiences for your kiddos.


Great teaching is highly mindful of rigor and the kind of thinking it entails for kiddos...

What exactly is rigor?

All great teaching starts and ends with a clear sense of goals for rigor. Great teaching is the engineering of environment and circumstances that engage students in rigorous learning experiences.  I've seen many definitions of rigor, but I continue to draw from Norman Webb's Depth of Knowledge (DOK) Wheel and its accompanying questions.

Questioning is an essential skill of instruction that facilitates rigor. Teachers' questions are the guideposts for students' thinking.  When teachers do it well, it creates a classroom climate rich with dynamic and productive expectations for performance and engagement.

Questioning is going to be my central research topic for the summer of 2015.  I'm looking forward to relate it directly to the themes of CRE and name specifics for how teachers do it well.

Questioning the Black Male Experience in America : Code Switch : NPR

Questioning the Black Male Experience in America : Code Switch : NPR

How would you like to be remembered, in a word or two?  That question was posed by a black man and answered by other black men in a multimedia art project called Question Bridge: Black Males. Some of the answers to that query included: warrior, sincere, motivated, dedicated, family-oriented, and father.

We do great harm to students when we impose expectations on their identity because of our limited perceptions of them. To be exposed to education that doesn't restrict the expression of humanity due to biased notions of identity is arguably the most important gift of great teaching.

John Wooden: The difference between winning and succeeding | Talk Video |

John Wooden: The difference between winning and succeeding | Talk Video |

I think of this TedTalk as a statement about pedagogy from a man who was a legendary teacher in every way.  Wooden's genius in teaching is a function of his ability to engage his pupils with the task of becoming successful. "Professor" Wooden defines success as "Peace of mind attained only through self-satisfaction in knowing you made the effort to do the best of which you're capable," and though he doesn't use the word, the themes of equity flow through his entire discussion.

I inherited my admiration of John Wooden from my father. The coaches my father thought most highly of were Red Auerbach and John Wooden, and I think in both cases it was because of how each treated their African American future Hall of Fame star centers - Bill Russell and Kareem Abdul Jabbar - with love, respect, and dignity.

In the TedTalk given by Wooden, he reveals himself to be an equity-minded teacher and mentor. Equity-mindedness births equitable practices - and the most equitable practice of all in schools is wonderful, powerful, regularly GREAT teaching for ALL students that both tailors the instruction in meaningful ways and honors their identities and home communities.  The innovation and awareness necessary to engineer rich and relevant learning experiences is a function of a passion for the craft and content as well as an astute awareness of how perceptions of race, ethnicity, class, gender, ability and any other difference we can name may impact the school experiences of young people.

It is through the intentional deliberation of practice that we are able to put these insights into action through the choices and designs of our pedagogy.  That's why we can't just teach the strategies - as important as they are - because they never define powerful learning. They are tools, but not the inspiration.

Great pedagogy is simply the exercise of and instruction in these lessons of what it means to be successful.

Coach Wooden's Pyramid of Success is a masterpiece of wisdom in the canon of character studies.

Monday, March 30, 2015

What Is Differentiated Instruction? | Reading Topics A-Z | Reading Rockets

What Is Differentiated Instruction? | Reading Topics A-Z | Reading Rockets by Carol Tomlinson

Differentiation means tailoring instruction to meet individual student needs. Whether teachers differentiate content, process, products, or the learning environment, the use of ongoing assessment and flexible grouping and other responsive pedagogy makes this a successful approach to instruction….

Fairness in education is more than anything else the expectation that ALL children will have access to meaningful and responsive learning opportunities.  Equity isn't something we do in addition to good teaching, rather the themes of equity live in all of those good practices and guides the selection of the pedagogical tools we choose.